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What is LAMP Stack

What is LAMP Stack?

LAMP is an open-source Web development platform that uses Linux, Apache, MySQL  and PHP/Perl/Python.

Sometimes it is referred to as a LAMP stack because the platform has four layers. But by definition there are multiple styles of stack that can be built on different operating systems.

LAMP is a example of a web service stack and is where this article focuses. But the components are largely interchangeable and not limited to the original selection. Therefore, it is suitable for building dynamic web sites and web applications.

Since its creation, this model has been adapted to another component, because it typically consists of free and open-source software.

What really is LAMP?

The LAMP stack modularity may vary. This particular software combination has become very popular, because it can host a wide variety of website frameworks.

The bundle itself can be combined with many other free and open-source software packages

LAMP Stack Components

The Linux based web servers consist of four software components. These components are arranged in layers supporting one another and make up the software stack. Websites and Web Applications run on top of this underlying stack. The most common software components are:

Advantages of LAMP

The LAMP stack consists of four components, all of which are examples of Free and Open-Source Software (FOSS).  Because it is FOSS the source code of the software is shared and available for people to make changes and improvements.  Therefore enhancing its overall performance.
The LAMP stack has proven to be a secure and stable platform thanks to its vast community that contributes when any problems arise.  We can easily customize the stack and interchange the components with other open-source software to suit the needs.

LAMP Stack Alternatives

There are several variants of the four stack model as well. We have put together this list of variants that use alternative software. Replacing one or more of the standard components.  If you are feeling adventurous you might want to follow them or Google them.

Open-source alternatives are:

  • LEMP(Linux, NGINX, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Perl/Python)
  • LAPP(Linux, Apache, PostgreSQL, PHP)
  • LEAP(Linux, Eucalyptus, AppScale, Python)
  • LLMP(Linux, Lighttpd, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Perl/Python)

While non-open source alternatives include:

  • WAMP(Windows, Apache, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Perl/Python)
  • WIMP(Windows, Internet Information Services, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Perl/Python)
  • MAMP(Mac OS x, Apache, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Perl/Python)

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